History of Silver Pied Peacocks and Peahens:
The origin of the Silver Pied Peafowl started around 1992. The Silver Pied is a pattern mutation and not a colour mutation. The colour on the Silver Pied peafowl is the same as on a Indian Blue peafowl. The Silver Pied peafowl is a combination of the Pied and the White-Eyed gene working together with the White gene. These Silver Pied birds originally showed up in three flocks, one bird from each flock, across the United States around the same time in 1992. I know! odd isnt it how these things tend to happen around the same time. Check out the story of peach and camio.
What is known today is that all three of the original birds can be traced back several generations to one bloodline, White-Eyed peafowl. The White-eyed peafowl, birds with white eyes in the train, founding breeder was Ernie West of California, USA. Credit where it’s due Ernie!
The White-eyed peafowl was later bred with the Indian Blue Pied peafowl, which is recognized today as Indian Blue Pied White-Eyed.
When breeding the Indian Blue Pied White-Eyed peafowl to itself for some years its like this variety compounded itself with the white gene and then created the new pattern mutation, Silver Pied. Essentially the Silver Pied is a White bird with 10% to 20 % colour on it compared to a Indian Blue Pied White-Eyed bird that is a coloured bird with 30% to 40 % white on it.
What seems to be the link here that helped create Silver Pied was the White-Eyed peafowl, which traces back to the White peafowl. Without the White-Eyed peafowl there would not be any Silver Pied peafowl today.
Genotypically, the Silver Pied males have White-Eyed feathers in the train. Phenotypically, the Silver Pied males can have pure White feathers in the train. This is because the White gene has mask the White-Eyed feather in the bird. Genotype is the genetic make-up of the feather. Phenotype, is the visual make-up of the feather.
Of the three original birds, which were all males, some carried the Black Shoulder gene as well.
About 2 to 3 years later the Silver Pied pattern showed up in the Black Shoulder peafowl.
It was thought of how beautiful the Silver Pied pattern would look in other colours of peafowl such as Cameo or Purple.
Colours of Silver Pied peafowl
Due to the extensive work by some breeders for several years, today the Silver Pied peafowl make up the following varieties:
Indian Blue Silver Pied
Black Shoulder Silver Pied
Cameo Silver Pied
Cameo Black Shoulder, Silver Pied
Purple Silver Pied
Purple Black Shoulder Silver Pied
Spalding Purple Silver Pied
Bronze Silver Pied
Bronze Black Shoulder Silver Pied
Spalding Silver Pied
Spalding Black Shoulder Silver Pied
Peach Silver Pied.
Opal Silver Pied
Opal Black Shoulder Silver Pied
Charcoal Silver Pied
Midnight Silver Pied
Midnight Black Shoulder Silver Pied
Spalding Jade Silver Pied
Violate Silver Pied
Taupe Silver Pied
Taupe Black Shoulder Silver Pied
Dicription of Silver Pied Peacocks and Peahens
Like all pied breeding, there is varying amounts of white on the birds. Generally speaking the birds are 80% to 90% white with the other percentage being colour. The mantel or top of the shoulders appear silver as the peacocks mature. The peahens are the same pattern as the males except the colour on the body are silver and white. When these birds are hatched they appear white with usually a dot or two of colour on the back of the head and neck area; some times a small patch of colour on the back or wings. There are variances in the pattern on the chicks as well.
As with breeding any pied pattern of peafowl the ratio is 1-2-1. So when breeding Silver Pied to Silver Pied you get an average of 25% white, 50 % Silver Pied, 25% Dark Pied “White-Eyed”.
It’s now been 20 years since this pattern mutation came in existence. Their popularly has only grown in that time and will more so has people see and learn about them.
There is more work being done to make the Silver Pied Pattern in all the new colours of peafowl. I hope you have learned you some new facts about the silver pied peacock and peahens from this page and helped you understand the Silver Pied peafowls heratage and history.
I’d like to give a special thanks to our peafowl friends across the pond to Brad, Patsy, Ashley, Brandon, Dallas, and Caitlin Legg at Leggs Peafowl Farm for help with the information on this page.